Minervini's Volatility Contraction Pattern (VCP)

Trading Education

Mark Minervini, a highly successful trader and author, has established a stellar reputation for his great track record in the stock market.
As the creator of the SEPA® methodology (Specific Entry Point Analysis) and the Volatility Contraction Pattern (VCP), Minervini has mentored countless traders, helping them achieve consistent success in the markets.
In this blog post, we'll dive into Minervini's VCP trading strategy, explore its core principles, and discuss how you can apply this powerful technique to your own trading approach.

The Volatility Contraction Pattern (VCP) Explained:

Minervini's VCP is a technical analysis pattern that identifies potential breakouts in stocks by focusing on periods of price consolidation followed by volatility contraction.

The VCP is based on the premise that stocks undergo cycles of expansion (price increase) and contraction (price consolidation). By recognizing these cycles and identifying the right entry points, traders can capitalize on the subsequent breakout and achieve superior returns.

The Core Principles of VCP:

  1. Price Consolidation: In the VCP, the first step is to identify stocks that have experienced a significant price increase and are now in a period of consolidation. This consolidation phase is characterized by a tightening price range as the stock moves sideways or slightly downward.
  2. Volatility Contraction: As the consolidation phase progresses, the stock's trading range begins to contract, with lower highs and higher lows. This decrease in volatility is the key element of the VCP, as it indicates that selling pressure is diminishing and the stock is preparing for a potential breakout.
  3. Volume Contraction: In conjunction with the decrease in price volatility, the VCP also focuses on a contraction in trading volume during the consolidation phase. Lower trading volume indicates a lack of aggressive selling and further supports the notion that the stock is coiling for a potential breakout.
  4. Breakout on Increased Volume: Once the stock has undergone the consolidation and volatility contraction phases, the VCP signals a potential breakout when the stock's price moves above the upper boundary of the contraction pattern on increased trading volume. This breakout on strong volume is a bullish signal, indicating that the stock has the potential for further price appreciation.